The centrality of the state in the development process of many less developed countries (LDCs) has come under critical scrutiny because of its limited success in fostering adequate social, economic and political changes in the last three decades. Many blame the deepening development crisis and attendant decline in basic services on the inadequacies of the bloated state. The search for other institutional actors to supplement and/or compliment the receding state services has focused attention on non-governmental agencies (NGOs). As such, NGOs are rapidly becoming a more important element in the development process becoming a core of Affican civil society. Their importance is related to their policy advocacy capacity. This paper reviews NGOs in Sub-Saharan Africa and develops a framework that can be utilized to assess strengths and weaknesses in their quest toward policy advocacy.